Joe Regenstein, CPA, FPAC

Blockchain Technology: What is a Decentralized Autonomous Organization?

Blockchain What is a Blockchain?

Blockchain is a decentralized and distributed digital ledger for keeping track of transactions. A blockchain is a series of data blocks that contain information about time-stamped transactions. Each block in the chain includes information regarding the previous blocks, hence the name blockchain. The blockchain is secured through cryptography and can be programmed to record almost anything that traditional databases do. Still, it also provides access rights and ownership records for digital and physical assets. As long as all parties have access to their copy of the blockchain, they can verify the validity of each transaction without having to trust any one person, company, or government. Data on the blockchain is transparent and immutable, meaning it cannot be altered or erased. These features make it reliable and safe for storing sensitive information such as intellectual property, medical records, financial records, and land titles.

Blockchain technology has many applications in different industries, providing an innovative solution to today’s problems, such as tracking ownership, transparency, and security.

What is a Decentralized Autonomous Organization?

A DAO is a digital, decentralized organization composed of several contracts and protocols that work together to produce an autonomous corporation. The rules of the DAO can be programmed using computer software, defining how it will operate. The DAO’s decision-making process is fueled by participants who have invested cryptocurrency into the project. Those who own a DAO’s governance coins can earn dividends from funds generated from the operation of the organizations’ smart contracts. They are autonomous because they make decisions based on consensus protocols rather than a central party. This type of organization does not have any human managers to interfere with its decisions. Instead, it relies on its community of participants to make decisions by voting on changes to the DAO’s rules. Bitcoin is generally considered the first fully functional DAO, as it has programmed rules, functions autonomously, and requires consensus for governance. DAOs aren’t just for profitable endeavors. For example, a land registry DAO could distribute funds to a charity every time a new piece of land is registered.

DAOs are typically programmed to distribute rewards or shares of revenue to the participants according to their contributions. A DAO consists of three parts:

DAO Benefits

Blockchains and DAOs offer several benefits. They are immutable and transparent and use a secure system for transferring digital assets without an intermediary. They also provide the ability to share data across a decentralized network secured by a cryptographic hash. A DAO is a digital organization owned by everyone in the organization. The entity’s smart contracts, which do not require human decision-making or manual work, can scale without additional overhead costs or investments.


The proliferation of DAOs is an outgrowth of blockchain technology. These organizations have the potential to change the way we do business. It has the power to disrupt industries and improve systems.

A DAO is a perfect example of this technology in action. Its participants own a DAO, and it invests in and operates using blockchain technology and its governance cryptocurrency, giving it an added layer of security and autonomy.

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